Battle of Rande, twenty thousand leagues of gold and fire on the sea
Under the troubled waters that wash our shores lie the remains of events that changed the course of history for many countries. Today we rescued the Battle of Rande, held in the Vigo estuary and was so formidable that the British, victors Vigo dedicated to a street in the heart of London. Even more: the smoldering embers of the boats on fire at the end of the fight were not the last trace of the nautical battle; said the fabulous booty carrying one of the galleons captured by the Anglo-Dutch alliance heretical is still submerged in the waters of the Ria de Vigo. We talk about the Battle of Rande and wake time, attracting European historians, treasure hunters Americans and even one of the best writers of all times, Jules Verne, the visionary.
The Battle of Rande also serves to publicize what was the consideration of southern Pontevedra during the Modern Age, a period in which the Spanish State arises: main port reference to America and a dangerous rival to other parts of "the Spains "as the ports of Huelva or Seville. The river pier Seville claiming exclusivity in the landing of goods from the Indies. In part of this heat is the origin of alleged sunken treasure: but many were prepared oxen and wagons for unloading cargo of precious metal, a bureaucratic complaint prevented the release was completed. Finally, the boat carrying him landed.
How did the battle of Rande?
A fleet of Spanish galleons had just arrived in Europe with the largest shipment of gold that had been seen to date. French ships escorting the galleon, who came to the Vigo estuary on 22 September 1702 All fleet took refuge in the depths of the river in the San Simon Inlet, past the Strait of Rande and protected by two forts : the north Corbeiro, and Rande south.
The French-Spanish alliance would not go to Seville and the boats and prepared the ground for an attack of English and Dutch. Protestant forces planned an attack by land and sea, so that might surprise their enemies, who were waiting only by sea: first infantry to open the defense of fortresses and then would launch all-out attack by sea.
On October 23, the total forces was 13 587 men for attacking party, of which 9663 were British, under General Duke of Ormond, and 3924 Dutch, under the command of Baron Sparr and Brigadier Pallandt. On defense: at Castle Rande had 350 sailors, 200 French and 150 Spanish, and Cordeiro was placed under the command of Don Manuel de Velasco with two companies of soldiers from captain reinforced by 200 militiamen. A Vigo 1000 men of this troop, 500 of them to the citadel of O Castro and 300 to the San Sebastian went; 1,000 more were situated in Cove Teis (between Vigo and Rande) and 3000 were kept in reserve. The plan went well for Anglo Dutch forces asserted their more effective. Torn down castles, boats and splintered Spanish side then began a race to save what they could of the precious cargo.
Legend has it that the Spanish command Velasco, seeing that the battle was lost, ordered to send ships sunk to prevent tremendous booty ended up in enemy hands. What I was sure of is that English and Dutch Redondela razed, while the inhabitants of the island of San Simon escaped pillaging by the walls of the island. On October 30 Rooke orders from his army, leaving the Ria de Vigo, but leaves a garrison of 27 warships with those arrested under Admiral Shovel. During withdrawal, the Anglo-Dutch captured several ships, including a Spanish galleon that had been loaded with treasures collected was taken. Upon leaving the estuary of Vigo, this galleon aground passage through the Cies Islands and sank.
Although contemporary Galician historians such as academic Xosé Ramón Barreiro question the existence of a wreck with precious metals, the legend still lives mainly in the Anglo world. Jules Verne dedicated a few pages to the event travel 20,000 leagues under the sea. Captain Nemo, pattern Nautilus submarine ship, collect gold Rande for use as fuel for his boat.
Despite being almost a fantasy, the rumor of a buried treasure attracted numerous companies in the United States and Europe to Vigo. They have not found anything.