Castro de Santa Tegra, a must visit
The friendly blog readers will have noticed that this blog not only talk about ourselves, but we strive to give more visibility to the monuments and historical events that happened or settle in our region. Today we turn to the ephemeris, because this year marks the centenary of the first archaeological excavation on Mount Santa Tegra is not meet. We remind our visitors that they should not leave this corner of southern Galicia without visiting the Castro de Santa Tegra. Located just over twenty minutes drive from our campsite, the fort is the most significant example of castrexa culture in the community. And that's saying something.
The huge fort stands proudly at the top of Mount Santa Tegra, 341 meters above sea level. The founders of the castro should choose this point for its strategic value, from here you have a panoramic view of the entire environment and the mouth of the Minho River in the Atlantic Ocean. The importance of the summit of Santa Tegra is manifested in the archaeological remains of the place: petroglyphs carved 2000 years before the start of the actual occupation of the fort, which took place in 100 BC were found
The entire fort became known to the archaeological excavations of 1914. These tastings began because from the mid-nineteenth century were finding art pieces, such as a bronze statuette depicting Hercules. From these findings it notes the importance of the site to see more of the direct ancestors of the Galicians.
The excavations and findings of the following years were so important that in 1931 National was declared a historic monument. The first contemporary legislation that tries to safeguard and promote the rich Spanish heritage according to modern standards remembered this site although the effective implementation of the republican law never came. The civil war, the war and the dictatorship changed the priorities and concerns of the people and the fort was abandoned until 1979. Policy reform and the creation of the transition state of the autonomies were an improvement to the archaeological site. From the eighties begin excavations, periodization (what happened in the castro and when) and its value.
Today we visit the set and learn more about daily life in a Roman province under the dominion of the Emperor Augustus, a hundred years before the beginning of our era.
The assembly has an important excavated area where you can watch the castrexo habitat. Urbanistically appear in this space squares and narrow streets that separate groups of buildings to neighborhoods might be called.
Most of these buildings are circular and in many cases have lobbies where stone ovens usually appear. This type of habitat over different archaeological remains exhumed along repeated excavations conducted it possible to date the town in the first century BC, when the Emperor Augustus, abandoning the late Julio-Claudian period, which ends in 68 dc, being, therefore, a fort of Roman times.
About the inhabitants of Santa Tegra know a bit about how their living, a little of how they governed and daily customs and laws governing coexistence.
It is known that the inhabitants of the fort were engaged in agriculture because many hand mills were found. We also know that supplemented their diet with wild fruit picking through the charred acorns found.
We also know that fished thanks to the discovery of concheiros who were scavenging on the remains of the seafood consumed is deposited. From the remains of shellfish from more than half belong to the common limpet, followed in quantity by the mussel, common periwinkle and toothed top. Note the absence of sand zones own species. Regarding the three fishing hooks and two bronze iron and bones of specimens of species probably captured from the same coast were found. It is also engaged in raising cattle, chickens and pigs but not goats.
Economic activity in the castro also included many textile and metallurgical activity.
When we visited the fort, we found that most homes have circular or oval and are exempt plants, each person did not share walls with neighbors few exceptions. Also except the few cabins with rectangular and these are presented, mostly corners arc.
The wall thickness is usually about 40 inches on average, and with a better finish to the exterior face. The vast majority are small.
They sit directly on bedrock and its walls would be coated with a mortar of lime and sand. Remains of pigmentation found would indicate that restrikes tinted with different colors. There are many cabins that are decorated with engravings on the stone: spirals, trisqueles, pinkish or turnstiles. This decorative type also found in the archaeological remains of the British Isles.
Undoubtedly, it is a tour not to be missed. Not only for the condition of the fort but by wild and earthy beauty of the environment. The people who chose this summit not only seek to better defend against hazards. Maybe with cessation seduced by the forces of land and sea when in the mouth. The beauty and suggestion are served, not let them escape.