Aloia Mount and the mystery of tudense republic
Over several entries we paid attention to our region's relationship with the sea. Today, however, we want to pay attention to some points of interest within the south coast of Pontevedra. Now is the time to speak of Mount Aloia. It is a mountain of the highest in the Serra do Galiñeiro, mountain range that runs through the south of Pontevedra. It was declared a natural park in 1978 but its importance is ancient: it was a refuge against invasions and a last redoubt for freedom of the people of the region.
The value and interest of this mountain is manifold. On the one hand, we find an ecosystem that serves to realize the flora and fauna of the area. Native plant species still coexist with eucalyptus and pine reforestation introduced during mass that were made in the last century. A stroll through the botanical trail at Mount Aloia enabled lets you view carballos, queirugas, Toxos and Xestas.
The fauna in this place is also the characteristic of the interior landscapes: foxes, hedgehogs or birds of prey, among others, have their habitat in this forest.
Although the relationship of Mount Aloia with Tui and neighboring populations is not limited to domestic animals graze freely during the summer or that talasen wood for the winter. Mount Aloia was a refuge for the inhabitants of the area since the early Middle Ages. In fact, visitors can observe that along the perimeter of the hill there is still a stone wall on a boundary of about 30 hectares. The purpose of the thick wall remains unknown.
Due to the lack of reliable sources to explain the origin of this fence or the uses to which the population of the former Galicia gave Mount Aloia, opens the way for speculation: some say that here the mythical mountain Medulio is located, rather in the battle in which the Galician resistance gave the Roman dig is located.
The journalist and popularizer Manuel Gago archaeological shells and some uses dates on this mysterious wall. Since it would not be possible to defend this site for being too wide and taking into account the construction of large stones embedded in bone, Manuel Gago points to the possibility that it was a room used as a refuge from the castrexa time, as in Iria Flavia and other places where populations near major ports had a "village-shelter" if they were attacked. The fact that the inhabitants had built a strong wall indefensible but could point to that already were accustomed to resort to this place and trust the dense undergrowth and steep road to repeliesen the invaders.
Manuel Gago himself devotes a blog entry Chapter 0 to gather historical evidence on the human occupation of Mount Aloia. Historical sources referred to are that the locals resorted to this site in the event of invasion. Left to history chronicles Civil and Ecclesiastical History of the city of Tuy and his bishopric, Francisco Avila and La Cueva.
In the nineteenth century this volume suggests that the Swabian invasion that led Gallaecia tudenses take refuge on Mount Aloia while the Swabians were still at war. Although small peace treaties were signed, the Germans did not seem very compliant so the people of the region took refuge on Mount Aloia. Historian reflects this:
"The Citizens of Tuy, and inhabitants of their immediacy, seeing how often the Swabians were undertaken, and that nothing had insurance with them, tried to make a strong and secure fortification where they could protect their wives, family, and interest earned, and defend in time of invasions and barbarian hostilities and the effect went to the summit of Mount Aloya, a league distant from Tuy very bad, rough and craggy way, and there at its highest erected a new population sufficient houses and buildings for such purpose: and for its defense and security they encircled round with a strong and thick wall half a league in circumference, which had a beginning according more likely then create the Swabians began to bother with wars the Galicians. Cuyo site served as a haven and refuge for tudenses and surrounding by dilated years, and while this country was infested with pirates and hostile people. from this population in the aforementioned mountain even today, despite many centuries as have elapsed, bestigios are (...). "
The mystery of Mount Aloia is still intact, so ... What's better than cross it for clues about the past?